Democracy and Deceit
Is democracy fundamentally threatened by those who aim to mislead the public? My current research project — "Democracy and Deceit: Rethinking Collective Decision-Making in the Era of Misinformation — studies the impact of online misinformation and deceptive speech on democratic decision-making. See, for instance, my piece on propaganda, misinformation and the epistemic value of democracy. As a normative theorist, I am especially interested in assessing the moral acceptability of different strategies against misinformation. For instance, I am currently writing on the relationship between legal prohibitions against misinformation — such as those implemented in France and Germany — and freedom of expression. When doing so, I draw insights from the epistemology of testimony as well as from philosophical perspectives on personal autonomy, and applies them to the context of online interaction. I also frequently rely on empirical political studies and psychological findings that allow us to understand how citizens vote, deliberate and form beliefs.
The Ethics of Online Interaction
While the history of moral thought has largely focused on problems that arise when two or more individuals interact in a physical setting, we increasingly spend our moral life online and connect with individuals that we do not know personally as well as with anonymous users. To what extent can traditional moral thinking inform our digital existence? My research on digital wrongs and the ethics of online interpersonal behaviour assesses the moral value of online practices such as trolling, digital disobedience and anonymous interaction on social networking platforms. It also addresses the more fundamental question of knowing whether the rights and wrongs we commit online are reducible to the ones theorized by past philosophers or if advances in communication technologies allow us to wrong each other in ways that have not yet been conceptualized by philosophers. To do so, I draw insights from moral theory, social anthropology and media studies.
Discrimination and the Politics of Neutrality
I have a long-standing research interest in social justice , especially with regards to state neutrality, discrimination and the rights of minority cultures. In my article “Political Liberalism and the False Neutrality Objection”, I argue that the dominant philosophical interpretation of state neutrality — neutrality of justification — does not effectively prevent states from enacting discriminatory policies. Indeed, governments of enact discriminatory laws and public policies that are strategically cloaked in neutral language.
Beyond these research projects, I have written on Kant’s moral and political thought, the nature of moral judgment, and the philosophy of education.
“Fake News” and Conceptual Ethics (R&R)
Kant’s Politics of the Highest Good (R&R)
Misinformation and Freedom of Expression
What is wrong with the lulz? The Ethics of Online Trolling
(2019) “Propaganda, Misinformation and the Epistemic Value of Democracy,” Critical Review, Volume 30, Issue 3-4, pp. 194-218.
(2018) “Political Liberalism and the False Neutrality Objection," Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy (Early View).
(2018) “Kantian Constructivism and the Normativity of Practical Identities,” Dialogue. Canadian Philosophical Review, pp. 571-590.
(2016) “Aristotelian Virtue Ethics and the Normativity Challenge,” Dialogue. Canadian Philosophical Review, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp. 131-150.
(2016) “La justice ethnoculturelle après les théories de la justice” (with Alain Renaut, Geoffroy Lauvau and Marie-Pauline Chartron), Revue de métaphysique et de morale, Issue 91, pp. 377-398.
(2016) Inégalités entre globalisation et particularisation, Paris, Presses de l’université Paris-Sorbonne (with Alain Renaut, Geoffroy Lauvau and Marie-Pauline Chartron).
(2019) “Civic Education in the Post-Truth Era: Intellectual Virtues and the Epistemic Threats of Social Media,” In C. Macleod and C. Tappolet, Shaping Citizens: Philosophical Perspectives on Education, London, Routledge (In Print)
(2018) “Justice sociale et émotions négatives.” In Patrick Savidan, Dictionnaires des inégalités et de la justice sociale, Paris, Presses universitaires de France, pp. 454-461 (with C. Tappolet).
(2016) “Justice ethnoculturelle et autodétermination. Le cas des autochtones du Canada”, in Inégalités entre globalisation et particularisation, Paris, Presses de l’université Paris-Sorbonne, pp. 487-504.
(2014) “Une justice au-delà des tribunaux ? Finalités et enjeux des Commissions vérité et reconciliation”, in Kora Andrieu et Geoffroy Lauvau, Quelle justice pour les peuples en transition ?, Presses de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne, pp. 223-236.
(2013) “Reassessing the Left-Right Dichotomy: Chantal Mouffe and the Project of a Radical Democracy”, in Ana Rita Ferreira et Joao Rosas, Left and Right: The Great Dichotomy Revisited, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp. 295-308